Foreclosure is a fast-paced, difficult process. Rest easy knowing help is on the way
Foreclosure is a fast-paced, difficult process. Rest easy knowing help is on the way
The following information gives you an idea what happens when a foreclosure takes place. You have various options open to you before you proceed with the process. Therefore, you can negotiate a deal and follow a plan that will assist you in keeping your home. After reviewing the options, you may still choose to go through foreclosure. The choice you make depends on your debt load and lifestyle.
Why Foreclosure Occurs
Foreclosure normally follows unemployment or unexpected bills. If an adjustable rate mortgage is re-established at a higher rate, your payments can easily become too difficult to make. Once you start falling behind, you have several months before the lender begins foreclosure proceedings. Foreclosure is a long and tedious process – good news for the homeowner who is facing this event. That means you have time to plan, assess, and negotiate. Once you start having trouble making your house payments, you need to act. For example, if you have missed a few payments, you may be able to include the missed payments at the end of the loan or catch up over a specific time span. Even if your lender is not that flexible, you may be able to negotiate a plan. Once you know that you are in trouble, never wait for the lender to contact you. Contact him or her instead. By referring to this guide, you can find out how to maintain a good rapport with your lending or mortgage company.
Do Not Panic
Because you do have some time to work out a plan, do not panic. Doing so could lead you to someone who is using foreclosure rescue to scam you. It is better to go through the foreclosure process instead of falling prey to one of these scams. The foreclosure process in California is complex. Therefore, going through the steps can become confusing. However, if you understand the procedure timeline, you can more easily review the situation and the various options. The steps below show what happens during the foreclosure proceedings.
The Technical Details
In California, foreclosures are normally non-judicial. However, in some instances, homeowners go through judicial foreclosures. Non-judicial foreclosures are normally held because homeowners avoid going to court and the proceedings go faster. If you have taken out a mortgage on your home, you generally will need to go through a judicial foreclosure. On the other hand, if you secured the home with a deed of trust, you will normally go through a non-judicial foreclosure. Deeds of trusts are regularly used to secure properties in California. That is another reason why non-judicial foreclosures are popular.
Two types of foreclosures are defined in the U.S. These two types include a judicial foreclosure and a non-judicial foreclosure, which is also known as a Power of Sale.
Taking A Closer Look At Judicial Foreclosures Every state in the U.S. permits judicial foreclosures. A judicial foreclosure is performed through a state court via a lawsuit. As a result, this type of foreclosure can be more expensive and take longer than the non-judicial kind. In fact, some judicial foreclosures may take years to settle.
How A Judicial Foreclosure Begins A judicial foreclosure starts when a lender files a lawsuit against the borrower in court. The borrower is served with a Summons and Complaint. The paperwork describes the type of loan and the default. If the borrower believes the foreclosure action is invalid, he or she can oppose the action. To do this, the borrower files an answer to the complaint.
What Happens If You Do Not Respond
If you do not respond in any way, shape, or form to a judicial summons, the lender wins the case and a foreclosure sale will be scheduled. If you object to the foreclosure, however, you can explain your reasons for objecting to the action. The judge, in turn, will decide whether the home can be sold. Borrowers should hire an attorney if they become embroiled in this type of legal action.
Responding To A Power Of Sale – Non-Judicial Foreclosures As the name suggests, non-judicial foreclosures do not go through a court process. As a result, they proceed more quickly and with less expense. Most of these processes only last a few months after the NOD (notice of default) has been issued.
Receiving Notice In a non-judicial foreclosure, the borrower receives notice of default and is informed when a sale is scheduled. The notice is recorded in the real estate records of the county, posted on the property, or mailed to the home owner. A Notice of Sale is published in the area newspaper to alert the public. This is published 90 days after the NOD or Notice of Default has been recorded. The auction date depends on certain factors. Technically, the auction can be scheduled 20 days after the Notice of Sale is posted. However, the auction can be delayed as long as a year if you wish to try to save your house. You can postpone the auction with the help of an attorney, cancel the sale by initiating a deed in lieu of foreclosure or arranging a short sale, or sell the home to the bank. If the house is returned to the lender, you have the option of buying the house back.
Looking At Foreclosure In Three Basic Steps
This part of the foreclosure process begins with a Notice of Intent to Foreclose or Notice of Default, which is referred to as a breach letter or NOI. This letter is delivered from the lender and officially begins the phase known as pre-foreclosure. The NOI is basically a notice in writing that comes from the lender, outlining what a borrower needs to pay and when the payment is due to avoid foreclosure.
Home Retention Programs
At this point, the borrower can elect to avoid foreclosure by taking advantage of home retention programs in the form of long-term loan modifications, forbearance plans, or a short-term repayment option. Short sales can be utilized where the sale of the home is less than the amount owed, or a transfer of title to the lender can be performed, which is called a deed-in-lieu foreclosure.
Never Ignore A Notice Of Default
(NOD) You should never ignore an NOD if you do not want the foreclosure process to continue. While you may not be able to save your property, you may be able to do something to keep a foreclosure from being recorded on your credit report.
Stay In Touch With Your Lender
Always let a lender know early if you have any difficulty making payments. A lender’s ability to help a homeowner diminishes after each payment that is missed. Also, remain in your home. Abandoning a property may make it more difficult for you to qualify for any extensions or financial programs meant to help homeowners who fall behind in their payments.
Do Not Fall For Scams
Always beware of scams. Scam artists like to prey on homeowners who are financially struggling. Never talk to anyone who charges a fee for modifying a home loan or provides counseling. Also, be wary of anyone who wants you to sign paperwork quickly or says that they can save your house if you transfer your home’s deed over to them.
2) Loan Acceleration
If you do not repay the amount in the arrears that is referenced in an NOI, the loan balance may be accelerated. The NOI only requires that a homeowner pay the payments that are past due along with the interests, costs, fees, and escrow amount that is needed to bring the financing up to date.
Asking For The Full Balance Now
If you do not bring the amount current within the stipulated time, again, the lender has the right to accelerate the balance on the loan. This means he or she can state that the whole balance on the financing is due and payable now. In other words, the homeowner must pay off the entire debt. If the loan is accelerated the lender can easily move on to foreclosure.
3) The Trustee’s Sale For Foreclosure Auction
As a final step in foreclosure, the home is placed up for sale at an auction open to the public. The homeowner, at this point, receives a notice that states the date, location, and time of the sale. The Notice of Sale and auction date are also recorded publically. The recording is made in the local newspapers, on county land records, or may be posted on the door of a home up for auction. Notices by mail are also sent.
The Bidding Process
The bidding begins at the auction at a dollar amount that has be established by the lender. Usually, this amount is based on a home’s value or the amount of the obligation. Once the beginning bid is announced, the attendees at the auction may offer bids that are higher until the property is officially sold.
When The Property Becomes Real-Estate Owned (REO) If no bidders participate in the sale, other than the bank or lender, the property’s title will revert to the lender. When this happens, the property is categorized as an REO (real-estate owned) property. After a period, REO properties may be sold by lenders so their losses can be recouped.
The Final Steps After Foreclosure
Once the foreclosure sale has ended, a foreclosure deed is recorded that transfers a property’s title to a winning bidder or the lender. While the ownership has been transferred and the property is under new ownership, there are still certain processes that must be followed before the former homeowner is evicted.
If you do not leave the home voluntarily after transfer of the title and there is no redemption period, a lender can seek the court’s assistance to evict you. In some instances, lenders are willing to discuss an arrangement called a cash for keys agreement. This helps a former owner with his or her moving costs. As part of this agreement, the former homeowner promises to leave the house in good condition
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